Breathing In The Garden …

Plants and flowers breathe. Trees do, too. Did you know that? Their tissues respire just as animal tissues do. But it isn’t plant-life that I want to focus on. Our lives are gardens; remember? And breathing is essential to our quality of living. An absolute must, for survival. Unfortunately, breathing can be difficult for anyone who has lung disease.

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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, or COPD, is a chronic inflammatory disease of the lung. It obstructs airflow when you exhale. And it is highly prevalent throughout the world. Approximately, 600M people live with COPD. By 2028, the number is expected to increase — making it the third leading cause of mortality worldwide.

In the U.S., about 20-30% of all COPD patients are (or were) smokers. Cigarette use constitutes the largest risk factor for the disease. Cigars are also harmful. Yet, many who are diagnosed have never smoked at any point in their life. Air pollution, biomass smoke exposure, genetic abnormalities, age, occupational dusts / chemicals, poor nutrition and respiratory infections (especially in childhood) are additional factors.

If you have been diagnosed with COPD, then you know the symptoms all too well. For those who may be concerned about themselves or a loved one, consider some of the following:

  • Shortness of breath (especially during physical exertion)
  • Wheezing
  • Chest tightness
  • Constantly clearing your throat of mucus
  • A persistent cough
  • Blueness of the lips or fingernails
  • Lack of energy
  • Swelling of the ankles, legs & feet

The quickest and easiest method to diagnose COPD is with Spirometry. Other tests may also be used, i.e. chest x-ray, Bronchodilator Reversibility, Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency, Computed Tomography, etc.

If you have been diagnosed with COPD, there are ways to improve your health and life. Quit smoking. And, please, do not fool yourself into thinking that E-cigarettes are a safe alternative. When you use them, you are inhaling the ingredients, i.e. flavorings. There are no medical studies to confirm that this is safe, or what effects it could have on your body in years to come. Eating healthy will not cure COPD, but it will make you feel better. Food is fuel for the body. Good fuel produces good energy. When you have COPD, you actually need more energy to breathe. That equates to the need for a healthy, balanced diet. If you are overweight, consider dropping some of those extra pounds. Drink plenty of fluids (42-48 oz. of non-caffeinated beverages), daily. It will make the mucus that you struggle with thinner and easier to cough up. Limit your caffeine consumption. Watch the salt. Too much sodium will cause your body to retain fluid. That makes breathing difficult. Calcium and Vitamin D can be found in dairy products, i.e. milk, cheese, yogurt, etc. If you aren’t getting enough in your diet, your doctor may suggest supplements. Remember to eat grains, low-fat meats, vegetables and fruits. You’ll be glad that you did!

Another way to enhance your quality of life, despite COPD, is with exercise. Weak muscles need oxygen. When they aren’t getting enough, even simple tasks (like a trip to the supermarket) become difficult. Exercise can change that. Walking is a simple and safe way for most patients to start. A stationary bike is another option. Arm curls, done with light weights, can also help. Leg extensions can strengthen your thighs. In fact, many COPD patients enjoy Tai Chi. It provides a mild workout and also helps to ease stress/anxiety. Talk to your doctor about  the exercise options that can best help you.

With any Chronic illness, optimism plays a key-role in maintaining a productive lifestyle. And optimism comes, in part, from being informed. So, talk to your doctor. Read articles about COPD. It will enable you to have more control over your life and your disease, instead of allowing it to take control of you. It’s also important to remember that you aren’t alone. 133M Americans live with a Chronic illness. Many have COPD. You might even consider meeting some of them. The Better Breathers Club is a great way to do so. It is a support group for individuals who are living with lung diseases like yours. And these groups are all over the country. If you are interested in finding a Better Breathers Club near you, call 1-800-LUNG-USA or visit the American Lung Association’s website for more details. You CAN do this! 

 

Reference Links:

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/copd/symptoms-causes/syc-20353679

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2650603/

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/articles/9451-nutritional-guidelines-for-people-with-copd

https://www.everydayhealth.com/hs/healthier-living-with-copd/live-better-with-copd/

https://www.webmd.com/lung/copd/ss/slideshow-copd-exercises

Photo by Julia Engel on Unsplash

The Heart Of The Matter …

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No organ within the human body represents life more than the heart and rightly so. But the heart can have its share of problems. Some worse than others. Chronic Heart Failure, also known as Cardiac Failure or CHF, is an illness that has no cure. CHF happens when the heart is damaged and cannot function (pump) properly. Once it is damaged, it cannot heal. And, with time, CHF will progress or worsen. As our population ages, more cases of CHF will be diagnosed. Approximately two-thirds of all patients over the age of 70 have heart failure. And 20% of all patients, over the age of 40, will experience CHF at some point in their lifetime.

The risk factors for Chronic Heart Failure vary, but include: multiple Cardiovascular conditions, advanced age, Hypertension, Diabetes, Dyslipidemia, Alcohol consumption, Obesity, etc.

Common symptoms for CHF include:

  • Breathlessness
  • Swollen legs, ankles, or stomach
  • Weight gain
  • Loss of appetite
  • Coughing
  • Dizziness

If you or a loved one are struggling with these symptoms, please contact your doctor.  Diagnosis for CHF is achieved through various tests, i.e. chest x-ray, echocardiogram, electrocardiogram (ECG) and/or coronary angiogram. Once your diagnosis has been made, it is important to monitor your symptoms regularly. If they worsen or additional symptoms appear, you should contact your doctor immediately.

Treatment options depend upon the Stage (A,B,C, orD) of a patient’s CHF as well as their medical history. There are medications that can help manage the condition. Lifestyle changes are also important. Devices like a pacemaker, or implanted cardiac defibrillator (ICD), may be advised. But in more serious cases, a heart transplant may be needed.

By now, if you or a loved one has been diagnosed with Chronic Heart Failure, you may be wondering about life expectancy. No doubt you are feeling pretty overwhelmed. Life expectancy varies, depending upon the patient’s condition. According to a study published in Circulation Research, in 2013, doctors estimated that 50% of CHF patients survived 5 years. And approximately 10% lived a decade. A lot depends upon you and your response to CHF, both physically and mentally.

The best way to live with Chronic Heart Failure is to do so with confidence. Embrace optimism. Yes, you are sick. It is very serious. But you are not alone. There are millions of people living with Chronic illnesses. Many of them have CHF. Educate yourself on your condition. Talk openly with your doctor and your family. Ask questions. Make lifestyle changes, if you can. There are ways to minimize your symptoms. Discuss your options. Your confidence will actually improve your daily living. It will allow you to manage the stress of having a Chronic illness. It will help you to cope with your new normal. Yes, it’s scary. Anyone who has CHF, or any chronic illness, understands your fears. Those who have experienced setbacks know your frustration. But every day is a gift worth having — worth living. You can do it!

 

“I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me.”

 — Philippians 4:13 (KJV)

 

Reference Links:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2813829/

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/heart-failure/symptoms-causes/syc-20373142

https://www.heartfoundation.org.au/your-heart/heart-conditions/chronic-heart-failure-the-facts

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/health/diseases/17069-heart-failure-understanding-heart-failure/stages

https://www.everydayhealth.com/heart-failure/living-with/congestive-heart-failure-life-expectancy/

http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/127/13/e525

* Photo by Kelly Sikkema on Unsplash

World Cancer Day: Who Will You Remember?

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For most Americans, this Sunday is Super Bowl Sunday. There will be parties … family and friends … a feast of foods … cold drinks … and then the much-anticipated big game. Many might even make a little wager, on its outcome. But for other Americans, as well as the rest of the world, February 4th is World Cancer Day. A time set aside to prevent millions of Cancer deaths through education and awareness.

Cancer is a group of related diseases. As it develops, within the human body, the orderly process of cell growth becomes chaotic. Abnormal. This usually results in extra cells forming tumors. Although, not all Cancers produce such growths, i.e. Leukemia. Cancer cells invade the immune system and can actually prevent it from doing its job. Tumors can even use the body’s immune system to grow. As the disease spreads, it is medically termed as Metastatic Cancer. And the possibility of a patient achieving a five-year survival rate is significantly reduced.

Most people know that Cancer is a Genetic Disease. The genetic changes that cause Cancer can be inherited from our parents. In some families, its existence can be traced from one generation to the next and so on — like hair and eye color. If you ask, most individuals can name someone who has been diagnosed with the disease. Cancer is that prevalent, within our society. But what they may not know is how lethal Cancer actually is … even with modern medicine. Cancer is the second leading cause of death, globally. It is also the second leading cause of death, in the U.S. And cases are expected to rise 70%, in the next 20 years. Will you, or someone you love, be one?

There are ways to help prevent Cancer, i.e. tests, diet and lifestyle changes, risk-reducing surgery, etc. Talk to your doctor about your options. Because they do exist. More importantly, follow through with them. Millions are diagnosed with Cancer, every year. Many will succumb to the disease. Young and old. Male and female. Rich. Middle-class. And Poor. Cancer doesn’t discriminate. And it certainly doesn’t show mercy. It is easier to be proactive than to be a statistic.

This Sunday, before you are swept up in the festivities that surround the Super Bowl, take a moment. Reflect upon the greater battle — Cancer. How many people do you know who have faced the diagnosis? How many lost their fight? February 4th is World Cancer Day. Who will you remember?

 

Reference Links:

https://www.uicc.org/what-we-do/convening/world-cancer-day

https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/understanding/what-is-cancer

https://www.cancer.net/navigating-cancer-care/cancer-basics/what-metastasis

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs297/en/

https://www.cancer.net/cancer-types

https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/causes-prevention/patient-prevention-overview-pdq

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/282929.php

 

Is Your Stinger Out?

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Years ago, when our son was barely two years old, he was stung by a bee while playing in a wading pool. It hurt horribly. And through his tears, he asked, “Why did it sting me, Mommy?” Try explaining the aggressive actions of a bee to a toddler. I had no plausible explanation that a child his age could understand. So, I focused my son’s attention on the stinger and making sure that it was out.

Over the years, in our family, that little episode became a teaching experience for how to avoid hurting someone. If you came through the door with an attitude, someone would tell you to “Pull your stinger in”. It didn’t matter how old you were, or who you were. This became the warning-shot across the bow of emotions that we all used. We all knew what it meant. In some way, someone was close to hurting someone else. Perhaps, they were angry? Tired. Frustrated. Maybe, they were just feeling too big for their britches? But causing more pain wasn’t the answer.

These days, as I strive to juggle multiple Chronic Illnesses and lead a productive life, I seem to be hearing that warning more than anyone else. There are times when the pain is just all-consuming and it takes every ounce of strength to deal with it. Days when the symptoms are far worse, than in weeks or months past.

If you have a Chronic Illness, then you know what I mean. The setbacks are so frustrating that you resort to tears and foul language. Medications must be added, or changed. Or, perhaps, you manage to pick-up whatever virus is going around? You feel like hell, to be blunt. The world around you is marching on, but you seem to be getting further behind. Whatever the reason, you are a grumpy soul. A short fuse. And your stinger is out … just waiting to zap someone. I make no excuses for my shortcomings. This is part of life with a Chronic illness.

Once that stinger has inflicted pain, you don’t feel any better. I know that I don’t. In fact, you probably find yourself feeling worse. Guilt-ridden. Maybe, even depressed? Living with a Chronic Illness is a lesson in many things, including patience and forgiveness. The sooner that you embrace this idea, the better you will feel emotionally. And you may find that it helps you to avoid a few negative situations, in the future.

Your life was hectic, before your diagnosis.  So was mine. That isn’t going to change. There will always be something to irritate you … upset you … frustrate you. Chronic illnesses magnify these problems. If you get stressed out, you usually worsen your condition. And keep in mind, your Chronic Illness affects those around you too. It stresses them — scares them. We all have our limits.

When the pain, setbacks and frustration of Chronic Illness overwhelm you … take a breath. Our bodies are not what they once were, like it or not. And none of us were given a vote, on the matter. Still, you can learn to be patient with yourself and others. Think about it. With patience, you will be able to achieve your goals. You’ll have healthier relationships. And that equates to a better, happier life.

Will patience solve all of your problems? No. But it will provide a healthier approach to dealing with them. Think of it as a “coping skill”. Because that’s exactly what it is. So, pull your stinger in and slow down. It isn’t worth inflicting hurt upon your loved ones. It isn’t necessary. They don’t deserve the grief. And you really don’t need the added stress. Yet, it will happen from time to time. The illness will get the best of you.

When it does, seek the forgiveness that heals. Go to whoever you have hurt, i.e. your spouse, children, neighbor, etc., and apologize. Make amends. It is what they need to hear. It is the burden of guilt that you need to shed. Humility is a healthy thing. Don’t be afraid to exercise a little of it. Always deal with the hurt that you’ve caused, in an expeditious way. Don’t allow it to fester. That will only cause more pain … involve more loved ones, etc. Your family and friends are your support system. And you are part of theirs. Lean on each other. Talk. Forgive. Love. Savor every day that you have together. Life is too precious for anything less.

 

“Bear with each other and forgive one another if any of you has a grievance against someone. Forgive as the Lord forgave you.”     — Colossians 3:13 (NIV)

 

 

Reference Links:

http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/chronic-illness.aspx

http://www.apa.org/helpcenter/stress.aspx

https://greatergood.berkeley.edu/article/item/four_reasons_to_cultivate_patience

https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/emotional-freedom/201209/the-power-patience

https://www.livinglutheran.org/2016/06/asking-for-forgiveness/

 

 

Winter Is Harsh On The Garden …

Every gardener knows that Winter is harsh on the garden. When the worst of the season sets in, with thick clouds … howling winds … snow … ice … and frigid temperatures … the garden is a dreary place to be. Barren. Even lonely. Our lives are gardens, too; remember? And Winter takes its toll on them, especially if you live with Chronic Pain.

Most pain, thankfully, is temporary. In a few days, or a couple of weeks, the body is back to its old self and the injury is soon forgotten. Chronic Pain isn’t so easy. It is pain that persists for 3-6 months or longer. And it is usually the result of an underlying medical condition, or injury. Many Chronic Illnesses are associated with Chronic Pain, i.e. Cancer, Fibromyalgia, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus, Back Pain, Parkinson’s, etc. If you have one, then you know all too well the effects that it has on the body. You live with it, daily. And you suffer. Often times, in silence.

Chronic Pain interferes with living. It changes even the little things. But it wrecks havoc with the more important ones. Chronic Pain prevents patients from getting much needed rest — even precious REM sleep. It changes mood and mobility. It raises stress levels, within the body. The added stress can and usually does create even more pain. I’ve been there. I know. It’s a vicious cycle. The effects of Chronic Pain can lead to Depression. Why? There is a link between our emotions and pain. If your body is in pain, you feel bad. As the pain increases, you feel worse. And when the pain is prolonged, as with Chronic Pain, you begin to feel very overwhelmed … desperate … alone.

Studies have shown that people with Chronic Widespread Pain, or CWP, are more at risk than individuals who do not struggle with pain. CWP patients are 1.7 times more likely to die from Cancer. They are 3.2 times more likely to die from Cardiovascular disease and 5.7 times more likely to die from Respiratory disease. Even when lifestyle factors were taken into consideration, i.e. smoking, those with CWP were at a 50% greater risk than individuals who do not live with long-term pain.

If you suffer with Chronic Pain, management is key to achieving some level of normalcy. How you manage your pain is between you and your doctor. What works for me, or you, may not help someone else. Pain medications, especially Opioids, should be carefully prescribed and monitored. The misuse of such medications has created a crisis all its own, in America. NSAIDs, whether by prescription or over-the-counter, are another option and should also be taken as-directed. Some patients may find relief, given the source of their pain, with a minimally invasive surgical procedure. The rest of us must stay vigilant and creative. We are in this battle, for the long-haul. If you are interested in alternative options, you might consider: Acupuncture, Massage Therapy, Aromatherapy, or Cannabidiol-infused rubs (CBD).

I have been living with Chronic Pain, for almost 18 years. I don’t profess to be an expert, but experience is a good teacher. If there are two items that I cannot imagine living without, it’s my trusty heating-pad and a well-made recliner. I actually tried living without the latter, for a time. I did pretty good, until a flare threw my body into levels of pain that I hadn’t experienced in nearly 3 years. I immediately purchased a new one. As simple as it may sound, a recliner (when reclined) provides relief to the body much like a hospital-bed. Think about it. When your pain goes from bad to worse, owning one becomes a necessity. In some cases, it provides the only sleep you can get.

Last but not least, I have personally found that treating your “level of pain” is as important as treating the pain itself. Chronic Pain isn’t always a 5-alarm fire, but it is always present. So, focus on the level of pain — not eliminating it. The term “Chronic” means that it’s not going anywhere. Accept this fact. Don’t let it drag you down, or defeat you. Rest assured, it will try. There will be good days and bad. But the best way to live with Chronic Pain is to learn how to fight back. It empowers you — emotionally and physically. Yes, it is draining. That’s the nature of living with the beast. There’s nothing easy about it. Still, you become wiser from the battle — better equipped to handle the next setback (when it comes). You learn to make fewer mistakes. You explore helpful discoveries. Your outlook, despite your condition, becomes more confident. That’s healthy. It’s encouraging. And optimism, like the warmth of Spring, brings new life!

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Reference Links:

https://www.webmd.com/pain-management/guide/understanding-pain-management-chronic-pain#1

https://bodyinmind.org/pain-kills-chronic-pain-chronic-diseases/

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/247927.php

https://www.practicalpainmanagement.com/patient/treatments/alternative/role-acupuncture-treating-chronic-pain

https://health.clevelandclinic.org/2016/06/aromatherapy-can-help-ease-joint-pain/

https://www.amtamassage.org/articles/3/MTJ/detail/2851/massage-chronic-pain

https://news.medicalmarijuanainc.com/why-use-a-cannabis-topical/

 

 

 

How does your garden grow?

“Mary, Mary, quite contrary, how does your garden grow?” Remember that English nursery rhyme? Most people do. It’s been theorized that the rhyme was actually written about the realm of Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587) — not a difficult gardener. Historical rumor aside, our lives are like gardens. And our actions, whether they are positive or negative, leave a mark. How our gardens grow can also be influenced by heredity. Families share many things — the good and the bad — including genes, behaviors, lifestyles, environments, etc. Sometimes, they can even share Chronic illnesses. One such illness is Hypertension.

Quite simply, Hypertension is high blood pressure. And Blood Pressure (BP) is literally the force of the blood against the walls of the blood vessels. Medically, a  normal BP is 120 over 80 mm of mercury. Hypertension is any BP that is higher than 130 over 80 mm of mercury. And it can occur from several things, i.e. stress, an underlying medical condition, or on its own. More importantly, if it is left unmanaged, Hypertension can lead to heart attack, stroke and other serious health issues.

For many patients, lifestyle changes bring positive results. Doctors usually recommend about 30-minutes of moderate exercise, 5-7 days a week. This can be aerobics, walking, cycling, swimming, pilates, etc. If you aren’t currently active, then ask yourself: What sounds like fun? Some people prefer to exercise alone. Others prefer to be in a group. If you are comfortable in a chosen setting, you are more likely to continue doing the activity. And, obviously, if you enjoy the activity … you will continue to do it. You might even enjoy the company of a family member, in the process. Consider it an activity that both of you can share. Think of the positive example that you are setting, too. Diet is another way to reduce high blood pressure.

DASH is the acronym for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. This isn’t a fad. It is a lifestyle approach to good nutrition. And it was designed to prevent as well as manage high blood pressure. The DASH diet encourages healthy eating, i.e. vegetables, fruits, low-fat dairy products, whole-grains, fish, poultry and nuts. All in moderation, of course. It also reduces your sodium intake and increases nutrients like potassium, magnesium and  calcium. Some patients, who follow the DASH diet, have been able to see results in as quickly as 2 weeks! If you are interested, talk to your doctor about trying it. Together, you can chart your progress!

Last, but not least, there are actually health benefits that come from music. Studies have shown that Classical music can lower your blood pressure. It has a calming, soothing effect on the mind and body. Mozart appears to have the greatest influence. But Strauss also offers good results. If you can’t imagine listening to The Blue Danube Waltz, or a symphony, for any length of time, then you might try a CD of Nature sounds. As corny as this may seem, music therapy is a proven and easy way to manage Hypertension. It’s your garden — your life. What are you willing to do to help it grow?

 

Reference Links:

https://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/family_history.htm

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/150109.php

http://www.fitnesshealth101.com/fitness/pilates

https://www.webmd.com/hypertension-high-blood-pressure/safe-exercise-tips#1

https://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/nutrition-and-healthy-eating/in-depth/dash-diet/art-20048456

https://www.bhf.org.uk/heart-matters-magazine/news/behind-the-headlines/music-and-blood-pressure

http://www.internationaljournalofcardiology.com/article/S0167-5273(16)30662-3/abstract

 

 

Fatigue: Are you spent?

Well, here we are — a mere five days into 2018 — and I feel like I’ve just ran from coast to coast. And it wasn’t a winner’s sprint to victory. If you struggle with fatigue, you know what I’m talking about. The usual routine can leave you drained of all energy. But when you add the demands of the holiday season — WOW! Spent just doesn’t seem to describe the exhaustion, or the effects that it can have on the body. At times, getting through the day feels like a test in survival.

Fatigue is common among patients with Chronic illnesses. And 133M Americans live with at least one, in some form. The symptoms vary, from one patient to the next, but all of them are difficult, i.e. excessively tired, headaches, dizziness, pain, muscle weakness, slowed reflexes, moodiness, impaired hand-eye coordination, short-term memory problems, low motivation, etc.

Let’s be clear. I’m not talking about sleepiness. If you stay up all night to watch a baseball game that went into extra innings, you know why you feel sluggish the next day. Sleepiness is not fatigue. The first is a short-term problem. The second is not. Fatigue is like the house-guest that just won’t go home. Once it moves in, your body is never quite the same. Sleepiness is the result of a bad choice. Fatigue is usually the signal of a severe medical condition. Due to the lack of effective treatment, doctors used to give little attention to a patient’s fatigue. Thankfully, in the last 20 years, that has changed.

We now know that fatigue itself can be a Chronic illness. Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (CFS), or Myalgic Encephalomyelitis (ME) as it is sometimes called, has no single known cause. It has been diagnosed in patients, following a viral illness. In others, it followed a major physical or emotional trauma. And in some, it followed exposure to toxins.

If you are suffering from fatigue, you should talk to your doctor. Discuss ways to possibly reduce the symptoms. Talk to others who have chronic illnesses. You aren’t alone. For some patients, a healthy diet and exercise has proven to be beneficial. So, listen to your body. Rest. Limit alcohol consumption. Drink water. Find an option/s that will work for you. When you live with a Chronic illness, you have enough to juggle every day. Don’t allow fatigue to make the management of your disease more difficult. Learn how to fight back.

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Reference Links:

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/248002.php

https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/chronic-fatigue-syndrome/symptoms-causes/syc-20360490

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11327394

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10887052

https://www.healthline.com/health/food-nutrition/foods-that-beat-fatigue#fruitsand-vegetables

http://www.jpsmjournal.com/article/S0885-3924(08)00560-5/abstract